A renown classic

You can play roulette at a traditional land-based casino and online. It is a widely popular game which gives you a chance to make some real big money. One might even say that roulette is a worldwide renown classic when it comes to games. Its popularity is undeniable whilst its origin is disputed to the point where it has taken almost mythical proportions.

French Origin

One of the alleged inventors of roulette is the mathematician, physicist and philosopher Blaise Pascal (1623-1662). If his name rings any bells it might be because of his numerous inventions. For example, Pascal invented an early calculator called the Pascaline. Pascal also invented the syringe and the hydraulic press. He also lay forth the probability theory within gambling after having come to the realization that things don’t happen randomly but depend on what has happened beforehand. It is in fact said that Pascal initially opted to invent a perpetual motion machine – which instead resulted in the early version of the roulette wheel in 1655.

It wasn’t until the mid-1800’s that the roulette wheel was further developed by two other Frenchmen, the twin brothers François and Louis Blanc. The inventors added the green “zero” to the roulette wheel and they also added the colours red and black. Therefore, the opinion of who actually invented roulette stays disputed. However, what is agreed upon is that roulette stems from France. Moreover, roulette is in fact French for “small wheel”.

Unfortunately for the brothers, about the same time as they developed the roulette wheel as we know it today, is when gambling was banned in France. And so, François and Louis Blanc took their updated roulette to Germany where they set up a gambling house in 1843. Gambling was eventually outlawed also there. And so their next venture became Monte Carlo.  François and Louis Blanc are in fact credited for the widespread popularity for roulette at the time. They are also said to be the very contributors to making Monte Carlo into a flourishing casino city.

The origin and inventors of roulette are indeed disputed. Nothing appears from thin air however and there are in fact several other spinning wheel games that are said to have influenced roulette. From England we have Roly-Poly and Ace of Hearts. And the rules of these games appear to have blended with various features of Italian board games such as Birbi and Hoca.

By the time François and Louis Blanc opened casinos in Germany and Monte Carlo. Roulette was taken beyond the borders of Europe to the United States. Today we have two types of roulette; European and American. The two versions have the same rules however American roulette has a greater house edge. It has an extra green coloured slot with double zeros which belongs to the house. As a result, European roulette is preferred worldwide.

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